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Penguin Pool, London Zoo, London, United Kingdom. Architect: Berthold Lubetkin, 1934.

Penguin Pool, London Zoo, London, United Kingdom. Architect: Berthold Lubetkin, 1934.
:GSMI-0070-0012
: General view of the Penguin Pool without penguins. Penguin Pool, London Zoo, London, United Kingdom. Architect: Berthold Lubetkin, 1934.
:No
:No
:5067 x 3311 pixels
:10/08/2019
:No Restriction
:Grant Smith/VIEW
:41017
:Penguin Pool, London Zoo
:Penguin Pool, London Zoo, London, United Kingdom. Architect: Berthold Lubetkin, 1934.
:Regent's Park
:London
:United Kingdom
:Berthold Lubetkin
:Public And Government
:Zoo
:1934
:VIEW Architecture
:Designed by Berthold Lubetkin and the Tecton Group, and completed in 1934, The Penguin Pool at London Zoo is an icon of British modernist architecture. It was one of the first structures to demonstrate the expressive and structural potential of reinforced concrete. The inventive design of the pool was the result of a close collaboration between Lubetkin and structural engineer Ove Arup. Together they produced a structure that was at once a shelter for animals, an aquatic sculpture, and an impressive feat of engineering. The Penguin Pool complex comprises a long elliptical pool with a deep glass fronted diving tank and nesting boxes around the perimeter. The design was based on 'behaviourism'; this was a popular philosophy of psychology in the 1930s that claimed that all animal behaviours were a result of external environments. The design sought to both mimic the penguin’s natural habitat and provide a stimulating environment while also creating a theatrical stage on which they would display themselves to visitors. The defining feature is a pair of impressively thin interlocking spiral ramps that extend from hidden columns and appear to hover over the pool entirely unsupported. In addition to the narrow curving ramps which tested the penguins’ balance, the enclosure included a variety of flooring materials such as exposed concrete, slate steps, and plastic rubber made of cork chippings, rubber and cement. However the enclosure proved unsuitable for the penguins on animal welfare grounds. They were moved out in 2004.
:Penguin Pool; architecture; Zoo; Europe; United Kingdom; London; Regent's Park; NW1; 1934; 20th Century; Berthold Lubetkin; medium group of people; incidental people; Full Frame; general view; day; exterior; concrete; cantilever; reinforced concrete; pool; outdoor pool; London Zoo; visitor attraction; tourist attraction; elliptical; ramp; spiral ramp; Tecton Group; engineering; Ove Arup; modernist; Grade I* listed; ellipse; sunlit; blue pool; water; canopy; soffit; circular void; enclosure wall; context
:H
:I
:Colour
:6-10 people
:Full Frame
:Yes
:General view
:Day
:Exterior
:Grant Smith
:GSMI-0070-0012.jpg
:www.viewpictures.co.uk