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Alexandra and Ainsworth Estate, London, United Kingdom. Architect: Neave Brown , 1978.

Alexandra and Ainsworth Estate, London, United Kingdom. Architect: Neave Brown , 1978.
: General Exterior View. Alexandra and Ainsworth Estate, London, United Kingdom. Architect: Neave Brown , 1978.
:5017 x 3345 pixels
:Editorial Only
:Inigo Bujedo Aguirre/VIEW
:Alexandra and Ainsworth Estate
:Alexandra and Ainsworth Estate, London, United Kingdom. Architect: Neave Brown , 1978.
:United Kingdom
:Neave Brown
:Social Housing
:VIEW Architecture
:The Alexandra Road estate, properly known as the Alexandra and Ainsworth estate, but more commonly, and erroneously, referred to as simply Rowley Way, is a housing estate in the London Borough of Camden, North West London, England. It was designed in 1968 by Neave Brown of Camden Council's Architects Department. Construction work commenced in 1972 and was completed in 1978. It is constructed from site-cast, board-marked white, unpainted reinforced concrete. Along with 520 apartments, the site also includes a school, community centre, youth club, heating complex, and parkland. Since the early 1950s, tower blocks surrounded by public open space had been the method of choice for councils to replace terraced housing in poor condition while keeping the same high population density. However, by the mid-1960s, even before the collapse of Ronan Point, the shortcomings of that method were becoming apparent. Neave Brown believed that ziggurat style terraces, little higher than the terraces they replaced, could provide a better solution. Vehicular traffic could be restricted to basement level. Family-sized flats, bright and airy due to the set-back upper floors, could open, via their own "defensible" front garden, onto ground floor streets/play areas, whilst the higher levels could be used for smaller flats, each with a private balcony. The Alexandra Road Estate may be seen as Brown's culminating, and largest scale, effort to apply these principles to the design of high-density public housing. Five houses on Winscombe Street, built in 1967, were his first experiment with the terrace type. The Fleet Road project, begun about the same time and consisting of 71 houses, a shop, and a studio, arranged in parallel terraced rows, was a further application of the idea. The estate received much criticism during and after its construction because of its very high cost (particularly compared with tower blocks), caused by the complicated nature of its construction, unforeseen foundation problems, and the delays caused by those at a time of very high inflation, reaching 20%/year at one point in the early 1970s. However, it has suffered less vandalism than many Camden estates, and it was granted Grade II* listed status on 18 August 1993, the first post-war council housing estate to be listed.It was described by Peter Brooke, then Heritage Secretary, as "one of the most distinguished groups of buildings in England since the Second World War."
:Alexandra and Ainsworth Estate; architecture; Social Housing (State Subsidy); Europe; United Kingdom; London; NW8; 1978; 20th Century; Neave Brown; Nobody; Copy space; elevated view; day; exterior; Housing Estate; Modular Concrete; Rowley Way; Grade II* listed; Camden; high-density; public housing; Alexandra Estate; Ainsworth Estate; architectural landmark; post-war architecture; Camden Council; reinforced concrete; off-set; stacked; concrete; brutalist; pedestrianised; path; walkway; tree; planting; landscaped; public space; red brick; paved; bench seating; concrete bench
:Copy space
:Elevated view
:Inigo Bujedo Aguirre